The Role Of BRCA Gene In Hereditary Cancers

Cancer is a common and life-threatening disease. It is caused by the abnormal and uncontrollable growth of body cells. The BRCA gene mutation drives this uncontrollable cell growth.

BRCA genes are genes responsible for preventing cancer in your body. Any change in these genes leads to tumour formation that leads to cancer.

Many factors cause cancer. Some aspects are acquired, inherited, or customary. While you can control most factors, like habits and preventative care, such as limiting alcohol consumption or going for a BRCA screening, you can not control your gene inheritance.

People with BRCA gene mutation pass it down to their kids. Keep reading if you want to know how a BRCA gene leads to hereditary cancer.

What Are BRCA Genes?

Every person gets two copies of BRCA genes – BRCA1 and BRCA2; each from their parents. The BRCA genes are responsible for maintaining cell growth and preventing cancer development.

In rare cases, a change happens in one of the BRCA genes, leading to rapid and abnormal cell growth. This cell growth can occur anywhere in your body.

The BRCA genes are breast cells, so the most common target is the breast. As a result, it causes breast cancer. You should go for regular BRCA screening if your family has a history of cancer.

Who Is At Risk Of Hereditary Cancers?

People having a family history of cancer are at higher risk of inheriting the BRCA gene mutation over the generations.

But, the good news is that the BRCA gene mutation is sporadic. It means the chances of developing hereditary cancers through BRCA mutations are thin. However, if you are related to any of the below-listed factors, you are at higher risk for developing hereditary cancers, and we recommend you go for a screening.

  • Having one or multiple blood relatives with a history of cancer
  • Any family member with a history of getting cancer at a young age (before 50)
  • Having a personal medical history of cancer

How To Lower My Risk Of Hereditary Cancer?

The first and safest option to gauge your risk of developing hereditary cancer is to take a BRCA test. In addition, the BRCA test will help you detect any cancer early. As a result, it becomes easier to devise a plan to prevent cancer from getting worse.

Some other things to reduce the risk of hereditary cancer are;

Keep a Healthy Weight

Keeping a healthy weight with a balanced diet is the key to a healthy life. Add more green vegetables and citrus fruits to your diet.

Avoid Smoking

Smoking is the most common chronic factor that increases your cancer risk. The tobacco in the cigarette degenerates your body from the inside. It leads to a weaker immune system. Therefore, it becomes easy to develop certain cancers, especially if you have a BRCA gene mutation.

Some Other Things to do

  • Go for the monthly BRCA test
  • Limit your alcohol consumption
  • Add more protein to your diet
  • Be physically active

Final Words

There is no way to prevent hereditary cancer completely. However, knowing your genetic history and keeping optimal health may help you reduce its risk.